ERIC Number: EJ1054074
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Abstractor: As Provided
Adapting a Multiple-Baseline Design Rationale for Evaluating Instructional Interventions: Implications for the Adoption of Direct Instruction Reading Curricula for Evidence-Based Reform
Vitale, Michael R.; Kaniuka, Theodore S.
Journal of Direct Instruction, v12 p25-36 Sum 2012
Present national methodological standards for evaluating the credibility of the design of individual research studies have resulted in findings reporting the pre-post effectiveness of Direct Instruction programs to be eliminated from consideration by educational leaders involved in making curricular decisions intended to advance local school reform initiatives. Presented is an evaluative framework based on the logic of multiple-baseline designs developed in behavior analysis (Sidman, 1960) that, in combination with multi-level statistical analysis, provides a sound basis for the evaluation of the achievement impact of Direct Instruction programs useful to educational leaders faced with making decisions to adopt school curricula to improve student achievement. Summarized is: (a) the history and status of Direct Instruction programs as effective tools in school reform, (b) a methodological rationale for the use of a multiple-baseline design framework in the evaluation of Direct Instruction programs, (c) an illustrative application of the proposed methodology for combining existing achievement data to evaluate the impact of Direct Instruction reading programs previously implemented across multiple school sites, and (d) the implications for using the methodological framework in conjunction with other evaluative approaches in support of advocacy for Direct Instruction programs.
Descriptors: Direct Instruction, Reading Instruction, Educational Change, Curriculum Development, Institutional Evaluation, Educational Research, Educational Practices, Evaluation Methods, Reading Programs, Reading Achievement, Elementary Schools, Middle Schools, Quasiexperimental Design, Correlation, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
Association for Direct Instruction. P.O. Box 10252, Eugene, OR 97440. Tel: 800-995-2464; Tel: 541-485-1293; Fax: 541-683-7543; Web site: http://www.adihome.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED); National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305G040089; REC0228353