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ERIC Number: EJ1053945
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Parent Involvement, Academic Achievement and the Role of Student Attitudes and Behaviors as Mediators
McNeal, Ralph B., Jr.
Universal Journal of Educational Research, v2 n8 p564-576 2014
Previous research shows inconsistent relationships between parent involvement and academic achievement and often asks why such inconsistencies occur. The research proposes a theoretical model that separates parent involvement into those practices linking parents to children and those practices linking parents to other adults in the school environment. The researcher hypothesizes that parent-child (i.e. discussion and monitoring) and parent-school (i.e. educational support strategies and Parent Teacher Organization involvement) practices will differentially affect student attitudes (educational expectations), behaviors (absenteeism, homework, truancy), and achievement (math and science). Using a national survey conducted in the United States of schools and students, the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS:88), The research estimates a series of hierarchical models to test the direct and indirect effects of parent involvement on student attitudinal, behavioral and academic outcomes. Findings confirm that parent-child and parent-school involvement practices differentially influence student attitudes and behaviors, thereby indirectly affecting student achievement -- to varying degrees.
Descriptors: Correlation, Parent Participation, Academic Achievement, Parent Child Relationship, Parent School Relationship, Student Attitudes, Expectation, Student Behavior, Attendance, Homework, Truancy, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, National Surveys, Longitudinal Studies, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Parent Associations, Teacher Associations, Hypothesis Testing, Demography, Socioeconomic Influences, Grade 8, Grade 10, Statistical Analysis, Reading Achievement
Horizon Research Publishing. 506 North Garfield Avenue #210, Alhambra, CA 91801. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.hrpub.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Grade 10; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A