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ERIC Number: EJ1053593
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1307-9298
A Longitudinal Study of Children's Theory of Mind, Self-Concept, and Gender-Role Orientation
Bosacki, Sandra Leanne
International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, v6 n2 p213-228 Mar 2014
This study investigated the longitudinal relations between theory of mind (ToM) understanding, self-perceptions, and perceptions of gender-role orientation in 28 school-aged children, (16 girls, 12 boys, aged 8-12 years). Theory of mind and perceptions of self were assessed at Time 1 (T1, M = 8 y 5 m) and two years later at Time 2 (T2, M = 10 y 4 m). Negative correlation was found between T1 ToM and T2 Perceptions of Moral Self (r = -0.55, p = 0.004). Positive correlations were found between T1 Perceived Masculinity and T1 ToM (r = 0.682, p = 0.015). No relations were found between ToM T1 and T2 (r = 0.281, ns), as well as between T1 and T2 Self- Understanding scores (r = 0.244, ns). Positive relations were found between self-understanding and ToM at T1 only (r = 0.394, p = 0.038). Implications for children's socioemotional development are discussed.
International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education. T&K Akademic Rosendalsvein 45, Oslo 1166, Norway. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Self Perception Profile for Children
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A