ERIC Number: EJ1053561
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Bullying Affects More than Feelings: The Long-Term Implications of Victimization on Academic Motivation in Higher Education
Young-Jones, Adena; Fursa, Sophie; Byrket, Jacqueline S.; Sly, James S.
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v18 n1 p185-200 Mar 2015
Bullying has become a prominent topic within education due to recent media headlines in the United States and abroad. The impact of these occurrences ripples beyond the bully and victim to include administrators, parents, and fellow students. While previous research has concluded bullying behaviors decrease as a child progresses in school, more recent studies found bullying can continue into college. The current project investigated differences between perceptions of bullying in high school and college along with how college students' experiences with bullying impacted several constructs related to academic success (i.e., basic psychological needs, academic motivation, perceived social support, and perceived stress). Participants (N = 130, 68 male) completed a Perceptions of Bullying Questionnaire, Basic Psychological Needs Scale (BPNS), Academic Motivation Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Perceived Stress Scale, and a demographic data form. The results indicate participants who described themselves as either current or past bullying victims had significantly lower academic motivation than respondents who did not. In addition, current victims of bullying scored significantly lower on two of the three constructs in the BPNS: autonomy and competence. These findings suggest students are susceptible to bullying after high school, and the effects can negatively impact college life, academic motivation, and educational outcomes. In addition, past victimization can cause academic difficulties for college students, even after the harassment has ceased.
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Peer Relationship, College Students, High School Students, Academic Achievement, Motivation, Psychological Patterns, Social Support Groups, Stress Variables, Student Attitudes, Questionnaires, Surveys, Comparative Analysis, Personal Autonomy, Competence, Self Concept
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Academic Motivation Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A