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ERIC Number: EJ1053203
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0036-6803
Teachers Describe Epistemologies of Science Instruction through Q Methodology
Barnes, Caitlin; Angle, Julie; Montgomery, Diane
School Science and Mathematics, v115 n3 p141-150 Mar 2015
Creating scientifically literate students is a common goal among educational stakeholders. An understanding of nature of science is an important component of scientific literacy in K-12 science education. Q methodology was used to investigate the opinions of preservice and in-service teachers on how they intend to teach or currently teach science. Q methodology is a measurement tool designed to capture personal beliefs. Participants included 40 preservice and in-service elementary and secondary science teachers who sorted 40 self-referential statements regarding science instruction. The results identified three epistemologies toward teaching science: A Changing World, My Beliefs, and Tried and True. Participants with the A Changing World epistemology believe evidence is reliable, scientific knowledge is generated in multiple ways, and science changes in light of new evidence. The My Beliefs epistemology reflects that scientific knowledge is subject to change due to embedded bias, science is affected by culture and religion, and evolution should not be taught in the classroom. The Tried and True epistemology views a scientific method as an exact method to prove science, believes experiments are crucial for scientific discoveries, absolute truth exists in scientific knowledge, and society and cultural factors can be eliminated from investigations. Implications for preservice teacher education programs and in-service teacher professional development are addressed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A