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ERIC Number: EJ1052790
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0190-4922
Mindful Listening Instruction: Does It Make a Difference
Anderson, William Todd
Contributions to Music Education, v39 n1 p13-31 2012-2013
This study examines the effect of mindfulness on student listening. Mindfulness is defined as "the process of noticing novel distinctions." Fifth grade students (N = 38) at a single school participated in this study, which used a posttest-only, random selection experimental design. The Independent Variable was exposure to mindful instruction prior to listening to excerpts of music, or traditional instruction prior to listening to excerpts of music. Two Dependent Variables, "Novelty," and "Enjoyment" were investigated. A MANOVA revealed statistical significance. Follow-up ANOVA showed "Novelty" and "Enjoyment" to be significantly higher in the Mindful Group.
Ohio Music Education Association. Cleveland State University, 2121 Euclid Avenue MU332, Cleveland, OH 44115. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A