ERIC Number: EJ1052788
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
The Effect of Peer-Based Instruction on Rhythm Reading Achievement
Johnson, Erik A.
Contributions to Music Education, v38 n2 p43-60 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of peer-based instruction on rhythm reading achievement of instrumental and choral music students attending a large urbanfringe high school in a major metropolitan area. Participants (N = 131) included band (n = 71) and choir (n = 60) students whose backgrounds reflected extensive economic (78% free or reduced lunch) and ethnic diversity (44% Hispanic, 31% Caucasian, 6% African American, 11% Asian/Pacific islander, 8% Native American). Using a randomized, post-test only experimental design, students were randomly assigned to one of two treatment conditions: traditional teacher-led instruction or reciprocal peer-based instruction. After a two-week instruction period, results show that students receiving peer-based instruction demonstrated significantly higher levels of rhythm reading achievement than students receiving traditional teacher led instruction. Factorial ANOVA analyses revealed that music reading self-concept did not significantly moderate rhythm reading achievement. A significant interaction was found between ensemble type (band/choir) and method of instruction (on rhythm reading achievement) with peer-based instruction effects on rhythm reading achievement noticeably stronger for choir students.
Descriptors: Music, Music Education, Music Reading, High School Students, Student Diversity, Pretests Posttests, Peer Teaching, Comparative Analysis, Statistical Analysis, Singing, Musical Instruments, Correlation, Musicians, Urban Schools, Instructional Materials, Measures (Individuals), Self Concept, Interrater Reliability, Statistical Distributions
Ohio Music Education Association. Cleveland State University, 2121 Euclid Avenue MU332, Cleveland, OH 44115. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://cme.webhop.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A