ERIC Number: EJ1052596
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
Comparing Acquisition of Exchange-Based and Signed Mands with Children with Autism
Barlow, Kathryn E.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Slocum, Sarah K.; Miller, Sarah J.
Analysis of Verbal Behavior, v29 p59-69 2013
Therapists and educators frequently teach alternative-communication systems, such as picture exchanges or manual signs, to individuals with developmental disabilities who present with expressive language deficits. Michael (1985) recommended a taxonomy for alternative communication systems that differentiated between selection-based systems in which each response is topographically identical (e.g., card selection and exchange systems) and topography-based systems in which each response is topographically distinct (e.g., signed language). We compared the efficiency of training picture exchanges and signs with 3 participants who presented with severe language deficits; all participants acquired the picture-exchange responses more readily.
Descriptors: Autism, Pictorial Stimuli, Sign Language, Language Impairments, Severe Disabilities, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Young Children, Preferences, Reinforcement, Instructional Effectiveness, Expressive Language
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A