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ERIC Number: EJ1052559
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 8
ISSN: EISSN-1527-9316
Collaborative Learning Supported by Rubrics Improves Critical Thinking
Saiz, Carlos; Rivas, Silvia F.; Olivares, Sonia
Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, v15 n1 p10-19 Feb 2015
In previous works we developed and assessed a teaching program, ARDESOS v.1, with which we aimed to improve the fundamental skills of critical thinking. The results obtained were positive, but modest. After analyzing the limitations of the program we introduced certain modifications and assessed the new version. The changes involved designing the activities programmed by means of rubrics and making the students perform them with less direct orientation from the instructor. In sum specificity and initiative proved to be the key variables in the improved program, ARDESOS v.2. Based on the data collected we have seen a significant improvement of the new version over the old one in the following aspects: a) version 2 improved all the fundamental dimensions, mainly in the pre-and post-test measurements, to a significant extent (Student's t test); b) the effect size (Cohen's d) was significantly higher, and finally c) these improvements in the program elicited better performance. Accordingly, an improvement in critical thinking can be achieved via an instruction design that addresses the factors that really induce change. Currently, with these results we have been successful in adding a new improvement to the instruction, which we have re-evaluated.
Indiana University. 755 West Michigan Street UL 1180D, Indianapolis, IN 46202. Tel: 317-274-5647; Fax: 317-278-2360; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain