ERIC Number: EJ1052503
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
A Tobacco-Free Campus Ambassador Program and Policy Compliance
Ickes, Melinda. J.; Rayens, Mary Kay; Wiggins, Amanda T.; Hahn, Ellen J.
Journal of American College Health, v63 n2 p126-133 2015
Objective: Assess impact and feasibility of a Tobacco-Free Ambassador Program on campus policy compliance. Participants: Trained Ambassadors made 253 visits to campus sites over 15 months to observe and/or approach violators. Methods: Policy violators were observed at 23 locations during Wave 1 (April-June 2012) and/or Wave 2 (April-June 2013). For locations with at least 5 visits, average violators per visit were compared between the 2 waves using a paired t test. Attributes of violators were summarized. Cigarette butts were collected over 3-day periods in 4 campus hotspots during each wave. Personnel time and cost to implement the program were determined. Results: There were declines in observed violators per Ambassador visit and number of cigarette butts over time. Rate of violators per visit declined from 5.47 to 1.93, a 65% decrease. Personnel time was equal to 1.5 full-time equivalents annually. Conclusions: The Ambassador Program was a feasible and potentially effective strategy to increase policy compliance.
Descriptors: Smoking, Campuses, Program Effectiveness, School Policy, Compliance (Psychology), Costs, Program Evaluation, Quasiexperimental Design, Check Lists, Observation, College Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: UL1TR000117