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ERIC Number: EJ1052400
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0744-8481
National Analysis of Differences among Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes: College Student and Nonstudent Emerging Adults
Sahker, Ethan; Acion, Laura; Arndt, Stephan
Journal of American College Health, v63 n2 p118-124 2015
Objective: To discover differences between student and nonstudent substance abuse treatment demographics, treatment characteristics, and outcomes. Participants: Conducted February 2014, clients without prior treatment admissions, aged 18-24, not in methadone maintenance therapy, and in nonintensive and ambulatory intensive outpatient treatment settings (N = 467,233). Methods: Chi-square was used to analyze differences. Multivariate logistic regression including covariates and the student status predicted successful completion with risk differences (RD). Results: Students were more likely to successfully complete treatment than nonstudents (56.15% vs 41.96%; ?[superscript 2] = 1355.04, df = 1, p < 0.0001, RD = 14.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] [13.43, 14.95]), and students were 6.92 (95% CI [6.26, 7.58]) percentage points less likely than nonstudents to remain in treatment for longer than 4 months (?[superscript 2] = 367.24, df = 1, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Treatment providers seem to have greater results retaining students in shorter periods. Suggestions for higher education treatment engagement are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A