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ERIC Number: EJ1052379
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
Assessing Retest Effects at the Individual Level: A General IRT-Based Approach
Ferrando, Pere J.
Psicologica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, v36 n1 p143-163 2015
Test-retest studies for assessing stability and change are widely used in different domains and allow improved or additional individual estimates of interest to be obtained. However, if these estimates are to be validly interpreted the responses given at Time-2 must be free of retest effects, and the fulfilment of this assumption must be empirically checked. This article proposes a comprehensive item response theory-based approach for assessing retest effects at the individual level and test the assumption of local independence under repetition. The approach can be used with a wide array of unidimensional and multidimensional models, and is based on correlation-type and mean-square-type indices. Procedures for (a) establishing critical values for detection purposes and (b) interpreting the magnitude of the retest effects for the detected respondents are also proposed. Furthermore, the article discusses the consequences of not addressing retest effects in stability and change studies. The procedures were assessed with simulation and used in three empirical studies. In all cases they worked well and provided meaningful information.
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Evaluation Methods, Responses, Testing, Probability, Scoring, Correlation, Indexes, Scores, Equations (Mathematics), Computation, Simulation, College Students, Pretests Posttests, Questionnaires, Personality Assessment, Validity, Reliability
University of Valencia. Dept. Metodologia, Facultad de Psicologia, Avda. Blasco Ibanez 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain. Tel: +34-96-386-4100; Web site: http://www.uv.es/revispsi/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A