ERIC Number: EJ1052230
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Infants' and Young Children's Imitation of Linguistic In-Group and Out-Group Informants
Howard, Lauren H.; Henderson, Annette M. E.; Carrazza, Cristina; Woodward, Amanda L.
Child Development, v86 n1 p259-275 Jan-Feb 2015
Although children can use social categories to intelligently select informants, children's preference for in-group informants has not been consistently demonstrated across age and context. This research clarifies the extent to which children use social categories to guide learning by presenting participants with a live or video-recorded action demonstration by a linguistic in-group and/or out-group model. Participants' (N = 104) propensity to imitate these actions was assessed. Nineteen-month-olds did not selectively imitate the actions of the in-group model in live contexts, though in-group preferences were found after watching the demonstration on video. Three-year-olds selectively imitated the actions demonstrated by the in-group member regardless of context. These results indicate that in-group preferences have a more nuanced effect on social learning than previous research has indicated.
Descriptors: Infants, Young Children, Imitation, Group Membership, Linguistics, Classification, Learning, Preferences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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