ERIC Number: EJ1051900
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Development and Validation of the Compliant and Principled Sportspersonship Scale
Perry, John L.; Clough, Peter J.; Crust, Lee; Nabb, Sam L.; Nicholls, Adam R.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v86 n1 p71-80 2015
Purpose: A new measure of sportspersonship, which differentiates between compliance and principled approaches, was developed and initially validated in 3 studies. Method: Study 1 developed items, assessed content validity, and proposed a model. Study 2 tested the factorial validity of the model on an independent sample. Study 3 further tested the factorial validity on another independent sample as well as the construct validity. Results: In Study 1, a 71-item questionnaire was developed. Exploratory factor analysis reduced the questionnaire to a 6-factor, 33-item scale explaining 47.70% of the variance. Study 2 tested this revised questionnaire in a series of confirmatory factor analyses, presenting a 24-item and 5-factor model with acceptable fit, ?[superscript 2](242) = 455.9, comparative fit index = 0.93, Tucker-Lewis Index = 0.92, standardized root mean square residual = 0.05, root mean square error of approximation = 0.04. Study 3 provided some evidence to support the construct validity of the 24-item scale using theoretically associated measures. Conclusions: This series of studies provided some initial validity evidences of the Compliant and Principled Sportspersonship Scale.
Descriptors: Program Development, Program Validation, Physical Education, Compliance (Legal), Sportsmanship, Content Validity, Test Construction, Test Items, Models, Factor Analysis, Construct Validity, Questionnaires, Factor Structure, Rating Scales, Participant Characteristics, Goodness of Fit, Evaluation Methods, Foreign Countries, Athletes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A