ERIC Number: EJ1051808
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Individual and Sex Differences in the Consequences of Victimization: Moderation by Approach and Avoidance Motivation
Llewellyn, Nicole; Rudolph, Karen D.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n9 p2210-2220 Sep 2014
Peer victimization is a known risk factor for various forms of maladjustment; however, the specific type of maladjustment may depend on individual differences in youth. This 2-wave longitudinal study examined the hypothesis that social approach-avoidance motivation, together with sex, would moderate the contribution of 3rd-grade victimization to 4th-grade maladjustment. Children (N = 574, M age = 8.94, SD = 0.37) reported on their victimization exposure, social approach-avoidance motivation, and depressive symptoms. Teachers reported on students' victimization exposure and aggressive behavior. Victimization predicted aggressive behavior only in boys with moderate to high approach motivation; victimization predicted depressive symptoms only in girls with moderate to high avoidance motivation. This research elucidates the diverse consequences associated with peer victimization and informs efforts to address these consequences in a targeted manner.
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Peer Relationship, Gender Differences, Motivation, Adjustment (to Environment), Longitudinal Studies, Hypothesis Testing, Social Influences, Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Depression (Psychology), Student Behavior, Aggression, Elementary School Teachers, Predictor Variables, Individual Differences, Questionnaires, Multiple Regression Analysis, At Risk Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A