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ERIC Number: EJ1051805
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 75
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Children's Use of Categories and Mental States to Predict Social Behavior
Chalik, Lisa; Rivera, Cyrielle; Rhodes, Marjorie
Developmental Psychology, v50 n10 p2360-2367 Oct 2014
Integrating generic information about categories with knowledge of specific individuals is a critical component of successful inductive inferences. The present study tested whether children's approach to this task systematically shifts as they develop causal understandings of the mechanisms that shape individual action. In the current study, 3-and 4-year-old children (N = 65) predicted harmful behaviors in scenarios that pitted category-based expectations--that individuals will harm members of opposing social categories--against expectations about agents' mental states--that individuals will harm people they are mad at. As children developed more advanced theories of mind, they became more likely to predict the agent's behavior on the basis of individual mental states instead of category memberships. Thus, as children develop causal understandings of the mechanisms that shape individual behavior, they are more likely to override generic category information to base inferences on the relevant features of specific individuals.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: BCS- 1226942