ERIC Number: EJ1051790
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Media Use and ADHD-Related Behaviors in Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis
Nikkelen, Sanne W. C.; Valkenburg, Patti M.; Huizinga, Mariette; Bushman, Brad J.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n9 p2228-2241 Sep 2014
There are several theoretical reasons to believe that media use might be related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or ADHD-related behaviors (i.e., attention problems, hyperactivity, and impulsivity). Although studies into the media--ADHD relationship have accumulated, they have yielded inconsistent results. Therefore, we still do not know whether children's media use and ADHD-related behaviors are related and, if so, under which conditions. To fill this gap in the literature, we first identified 6 different hypotheses that may explain why media use in general and viewing fast-paced or violent media content might be related to 1 or more ADHD-related behaviors. Subsequently, we conducted a meta-analysis of 45 empirical studies investigating the relationship between media use and ADHD-related behaviors in children and adolescents. Our results indicated a small significant relationship between media use and ADHD-related behaviors (r[subscript +] = 0.12). Finally, we identified several specific gaps in the existing literature and presented 5 crucial directions for future research.
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Mass Media Effects, Correlation, Children, Hypothesis Testing, Meta Analysis, Adolescents, Violence, Video Games, Television Viewing, Individual Characteristics, Arousal Patterns, Gender Differences, Effect Size, Statistical Analysis, At Risk Persons
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A