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ERIC Number: EJ1051754
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Aug
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Early Maternal Employment and Children's School Readiness in Contemporary Families
Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Coley, Rebekah Levine
Developmental Psychology, v50 n8 p2071-2084 Aug 2014
This study assessed whether previous findings linking early maternal employment to lower cognitive and behavioral skills among children generalized to modern families. Using a representative sample of children born in the United States in 2001 (N = 10,100), ordinary least squares regression models weighted with propensity scores assessed links between maternal employment in the 2 years after childbearing and children's school readiness skills at kindergarten. There were neutral associations between maternal employment and children's school readiness, which were not differentiated by maternal time, stress, or wages. However, as nonmaternal household income decreased, maternal employment begun prior to 9 months was linked with higher cognitive skills, while employment begun between 9 and 24 months was linked with lower conduct problems.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey; Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales; Bayley Scales of Infant Development
Grant or Contract Numbers: DRL-0941014