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ERIC Number: EJ1051749
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jul
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Sarcasm and Advanced Theory of Mind Understanding in Children and Adults with Prelingual Deafness
O'Reilly, Karin; Peterson, Candida C.; Wellman, Henry M.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n7 p1862-1877 Jul 2014
Two studies addressed key theoretical debates in theory of mind (ToM) development by comparing (a) deaf native signers (n = 18), (b) deaf late signers (n = 59), and (c) age-matched hearing persons (n = 74) in childhood (Study 1: n = 81) and adulthood (Study 2: n = 70) on tests of first- and second-order false belief and conversational sarcasm. Results showed ToM development to be a life span phenomenon for deaf and hearing people alike. Native and late signers were outperformed by hearing peers on advanced ToM in childhood (M = 9 years), but in adulthood (M = 40 years), native signers had caught up, whereas late signers had not. Findings highlight the extended importance of conversational interaction for ToM growth.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Grant or Contract Numbers: HD022149