ERIC Number: EJ1051749
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Sarcasm and Advanced Theory of Mind Understanding in Children and Adults with Prelingual Deafness
O'Reilly, Karin; Peterson, Candida C.; Wellman, Henry M.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n7 p1862-1877 Jul 2014
Two studies addressed key theoretical debates in theory of mind (ToM) development by comparing (a) deaf native signers (n = 18), (b) deaf late signers (n = 59), and (c) age-matched hearing persons (n = 74) in childhood (Study 1: n = 81) and adulthood (Study 2: n = 70) on tests of first- and second-order false belief and conversational sarcasm. Results showed ToM development to be a life span phenomenon for deaf and hearing people alike. Native and late signers were outperformed by hearing peers on advanced ToM in childhood (M = 9 years), but in adulthood (M = 40 years), native signers had caught up, whereas late signers had not. Findings highlight the extended importance of conversational interaction for ToM growth.
Descriptors: Deafness, Negative Attitudes, Theory of Mind, Sign Language, Children, Adults, Misconceptions, Social Cognition, Interpersonal Communication, Foreign Countries, Attitude Measures, Language Aptitude, Intelligence Tests, Comparative Analysis, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Grant or Contract Numbers: HD022149