ERIC Number: EJ1051416
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
The Protective Influence of Family Connectedness, Ethnic Identity, and Ethnic Engagement for New Zealand Ma¯ori Adolescents
Stuart, Jaimee; Jose, Paul E.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n6 p1817-1826 Jun 2014
The present study examined the associations among family connectedness, ethnic identity, and ethnic engagement on changes in well-being over time for the understudied population of Ma¯ori (indigenous New Zealand) youth. Data were collected as part of a longitudinal study of youth connectedness in New Zealand using self-report measures at 3 measurement occasions separated by 1 year each. Participants in the current study were 431 self-identified Ma¯ori (ages 10-15 years at Time 1). As expected, the variables of family connectedness, ethnic identity, and well-being were all positively related to each other. Results of a latent growth curve model showed that, following normative trends for adolescents of this age, well-being diminished over time for Ma¯ori youth; however, high levels of family connectedness were found to mitigate this general decline in well-being over time. Furthermore, in a longitudinal path analysis, ethnic engagement was found to exert a positive indirect effect on residualized Time 3 well-being through Time 2 ethnic identity. These findings indicate that the quality of family relationships and affiliation with one's ethnic group are important predictors of positive adjustment for Ma¯ori youth over time. These results are discussed in the context of positive youth development for ethnic minority and indigenous youth.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Indigenous Populations, Ethnic Groups, Pacific Islanders, Family Relationship, Ethnicity, Well Being, Longitudinal Studies, Preadolescents, Adolescents, Correlation, Predictor Variables, Adjustment (to Environment), Youth, Statistical Analysis, Surveys
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Family Adaptability Cohesion Evaluation Scales; Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure