ERIC Number: EJ1051402
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 86
Adoptive Parent Hostility and Children's Peer Behavior Problems: Examining the Role of Genetically Informed Child Attributes on Adoptive Parent Behavior
Elam, Kit K.; Harold, Gordon T.; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.; Reiss, David; Shaw, Daniel S.; Natsuaki, Misaki N.; Gaysina, Darya; Barrett, Doug; Leve, Leslie D.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n5 p1543-1552 May 2014
Socially disruptive behavior during peer interactions in early childhood is detrimental to children's social, emotional, and academic development. Few studies have investigated the developmental underpinnings of children's socially disruptive behavior using genetically sensitive research designs that allow examination of parent-on-child and child-on-parent (evocative genotype-environment correlation [rGE]) effects when examining family process and child outcome associations. Using an adoption-at-birth design, the present study controlled for passive genotype-environment correlation and directly examined evocative rGE while examining the associations between family processes and children's peer behavior. Specifically, the present study examined the evocative effect of genetic influences underlying toddler low social motivation on mother-child and father-child hostility and the subsequent influence of parent hostility on disruptive peer behavior during the preschool period. Participants were 316 linked triads of birth mothers, adoptive parents, and adopted children. Path analysis showed that birth mother low behavioral motivation predicted toddler low social motivation, which predicted both adoptive mother-child and father-child hostility, suggesting the presence of an evocative genotype-environment association. In addition, both mother-child and father-child hostility predicted children's later disruptive peer behavior. Results highlight the importance of considering genetically influenced child attributes on parental hostility that in turn links to later child social behavior. Implications for intervention programs focusing on early family processes and the precursors of disrupted child social development are discussed.
Descriptors: Adoption, Parent Child Relationship, Preschool Children, Child Behavior, Behavior Problems, Antisocial Behavior, Genetics, Influences, Toddlers, Peer Relationship, Motivation, Interaction, Mothers, Child Development, Parenting Styles, Nature Nurture Controversy, Correlation, Path Analysis, Structural Equation Models
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Institute on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS); National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); National Institutes of Health (DHHS), Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR); National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 HD042608|R01 DA020585|R01 MH092118|P30 DA035763