ERIC Number: EJ1051350
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 146
What Is Conscientiousness and How Can It Be Assessed?
Roberts, Brent W.; Lejuez, Carl; Krueger, Robert F.; Richards, Jessica M.; Hill, Patrick L.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n5 p1315-1330 May 2014
Conscientiousness is a personality construct that is a core determinant of health, positive aging, and human capital. A large body of work has contributed to our understanding of this important aspect of personality, but there are multiple conceptual and methodological issues that complicate our understanding of conscientiousness. Toward this end, we review (a) the conceptual standing of conscientiousness as a personality trait, (b) past research focusing on the underlying dimensions of conscientiousness, (c) the nomological network in which conscientiousness is embedded, and (d) the diverse methods that have been used to assess dimensions of conscientiousness. We conclude with recommendations for improving our understanding of the construct of conscientiousness, methods of assessment, and etiological underpinnings of conscientiousness. We believe this article can serve an important role in the larger goal of better understanding conscientiousness and its core role in the health of our society.
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Individual Characteristics, Etiology, Evaluation Methods, Public Health, Behavior, Biology, Environmental Influences, Delay of Gratification, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology, Self Control, Clinical Psychology, Self Disclosure (Individuals), Observation, Motivation
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute on Aging (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 2AG211178