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ERIC Number: EJ1051122
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Reciprocal Relations between Children's Sleep and Their Adjustment over Time
Kelly, Ryan J.; El-Sheikh, Mona
Developmental Psychology, v50 n4 p1137-1147 Apr 2014
Child sleep and adjustment research with community samples is on the rise with a recognized need of explicating this association. We examined reciprocal relations between children's sleep and their internalizing and externalizing symptoms using 3 waves of data spanning 5 years. Participants included 176 children at Time 1 (M = 8.68 years; 69% European American, 31% African American), 141 children at Time 2 (M = 10.70 years), and 113 children at Time 3 (M = 13.60 years). Children were from a wide range of socioeconomic backgrounds. Sleep was measured subjectively via self-reports and objectively via actigraphy and adjustment was assessed with parent and child reports. Cross-lagged panel models indicated that reduced sleep duration and worse sleep quality predicted greater depression, anxiety, and externalizing symptoms over time. To a lesser extent but supportive of reciprocal relations, adjustment predicted changes in sleep. Findings illustrate the reciprocal nature of relations between sleep and adjustment difficulties in otherwise typically developing youth.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Alabama; Georgia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Personality Inventory for Children; Childrens Depression Inventory; Childrens Manifest Anxiety Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: 0339115; 0623936; 0843185