ERIC Number: EJ1051119
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
The Company They Keep and Avoid: Social Goal Orientation as a Predictor of Children's Ethnic Segregation
Wilson, Travis M.; Rodkin, Philip C.; Ryan, Allison M.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n4 p1116-1124 Apr 2014
This study examined whether social goal orientation (i.e., demonstration-approach, demonstration--avoid, and social development goals) predicts changes in ethnic segregation among 4th and 5th grade African American and European American children (n = 713, ages 9-11 years) from fall to spring. Segregation measures were (a) same-ethnicity favoritism in friendships, (b) same-ethnicity favoritism in peer group affiliations, and (c) cross-ethnicity dislike. Social goal orientation was asymmetrically associated with ethnic segregation for the 2 groups. Among African Americans, aspiring to achieve high social status predicted increases in same-ethnicity favoritism and cross-ethnicity dislike. Among European Americans, aspiring to achieve high social status predicted decreases in same-ethnicity favoritism.
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Grade 4, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, African American Students, White Students, Racial Segregation, Friendship, Peer Groups, Ethnicity, Social Status, Racial Relations, Longitudinal Studies, Student Surveys, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Child Development
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education; Grade 5; Middle Schools
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R03 HD48491-01