ERIC Number: EJ1050865
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
Phonological Processing and Word Reading in Typically Developing and Reading Disabled Children: Severity Matters
de Groot, Barry J. A.; van den Bos, Kees P.; Minnaert, Alexander E. M. G.; van der Meulen, Bieuwe F.
Scientific Studies of Reading, v19 n2 p166-181 2015
In this study word reading (WR) fluency was used to dichotomously classify 1,598 Dutch children at different cutoffs, indicating (very) poor or (very) good reading performance. Analysis of variance and receiver operating characteristics were used to investigate the effects of rapid automatized naming (RAN) and phonemic awareness (PA) in predicting group membership. The highest predictive values were found for the combination of RAN and PA, particularly for the poorest readers. Furthermore, results indicate that with the severity of impairment, WR is more dominated by deficient PA, which is interpreted as an enduring problem with sublexical processing. Another main result is that with the increase of reading skill, the contribution of PA diminishes, whereas the contribution of RAN remains fairly constant for the whole reading fluency continuum. These results warrant the conclusion that whereas PA hallmarks reading disability, RAN appears to be the default predictor for above-average or excellent reading proficiency.
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Reading Processes, Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, Children, Word Recognition, Comparative Analysis, Reading Fluency, Reading Skills, Predictor Variables, Naming, Foreign Countries, Hypothesis Testing, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Reading Tests, Phonemic Awareness, Statistical Analysis, Severity (of Disability)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands