ERIC Number: EJ1050864
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Are Letter Detection and Proofreading Tasks Equivalent?
Saint-Aubin, Jean; Losier, Marie-Claire; Roy, Macha; Lawrence, Mike
Scientific Studies of Reading, v19 n2 p145-165 2015
When readers search for misspellings in a proofreading task or for a letter in a letter detection task, they are more likely to omit function words than content words. However, with misspelled words, previous findings for the letter detection task were mixed. In two experiments, the authors tested the functional equivalence of both tasks. Results reveal similar patterns of omissions for both search tasks when misspellings were produced by substituting one letter for another: There were more omissions for function words than for content words. However, when two letters were transposed, differences between the two tasks emerged. It is possible to conclude that letter detection and proofreading are based on common cognitive processes but the nature of the target can modulate the effects. Results are interpreted in light of the attentional disengagement model and the guidance organization model of the missing-letter effect.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Proofreading, Phonemes, Comparative Analysis, Cognitive Processes, Spelling, Form Classes (Languages), Experiments, College Students, Error Patterns
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada