ERIC Number: EJ1050849
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
FAFSA Filing among First-Year College Students: Who Files on Time, Who Doesn't, and Why Does It Matter?
McKinney, Lyle; Novak, Heather
Research in Higher Education, v56 n1 p1-28 Feb 2015
Students who do not file the free application for federal student aid (FAFSA), or who file after the priority application deadline, are at risk of not receiving grant aid that could help them persist and graduate from college. This study used data from the beginning postsecondary student study (BPS:04/06) to examine FAFSA filing behavior (i.e. early, late, did not file) among students attending community colleges, public 4-year, and private non-profit 4-year institutions. Results indicate that later filers, on average, receive less total state and institutional grant aid compared to students who filed earlier. Attending college part-time and delaying enrollment into college after high school were strongly associated with not filing a FAFSA and filing late. There were notable differences in FAFSA filing across institutional sectors as a function of students' gender, race/ethnicity, income status, high school context, and pre-college academic experiences. These findings serve as the basis for recommendations aimed at increasing the rates of early FAFSA filing among students at the greatest risk of leaving money on the table.
Descriptors: Financial Aid Applicants, Student Financial Aid, Federal Aid, Grants, College Freshmen, College Bound Students, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Income, Socioeconomic Status, Prior Learning
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A