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ERIC Number: EJ1050817
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 138
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Eyeblink Conditioning: A Non-Invasive Biomarker for Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Reeb-Sutherland, Bethany C.; Fox, Nathan A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n2 p376-394 Feb 2015
Eyeblink conditioning (EBC) is a classical conditioning paradigm typically used to study the underlying neural processes of learning and memory. EBC has a well-defined neural circuitry, is non-invasive, and can be employed in human infants shortly after birth making it an ideal tool to use in both developing and special populations. In addition, abnormalities in the cerebellum, a region of the brain highly involved in EBC, have been implicated in a number of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). In the current paper, we review studies that have employed EBC as a biomarker for several neurodevelopmental disorders including fetal alcohol syndrome, Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, dyslexia, specific language impairment, and schizophrenia. In addition, we discuss the benefits of using such a tool in individuals with ASD.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A