ERIC Number: EJ1050817
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 138
Eyeblink Conditioning: A Non-Invasive Biomarker for Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Reeb-Sutherland, Bethany C.; Fox, Nathan A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n2 p376-394 Feb 2015
Eyeblink conditioning (EBC) is a classical conditioning paradigm typically used to study the underlying neural processes of learning and memory. EBC has a well-defined neural circuitry, is non-invasive, and can be employed in human infants shortly after birth making it an ideal tool to use in both developing and special populations. In addition, abnormalities in the cerebellum, a region of the brain highly involved in EBC, have been implicated in a number of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). In the current paper, we review studies that have employed EBC as a biomarker for several neurodevelopmental disorders including fetal alcohol syndrome, Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, dyslexia, specific language impairment, and schizophrenia. In addition, we discuss the benefits of using such a tool in individuals with ASD.
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Neurological Impairments, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Down Syndrome, Genetic Disorders, Mental Retardation, Congenital Impairments, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Dyslexia, Language Impairments, Schizophrenia
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A