ERIC Number: EJ1050785
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
Experience and Distribution of Attention: Pet Exposure and Infants' Scanning of Animal Images
Hurley, Karinna B.; Oakes, Lisa M.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v16 n1 p11-30 2015
Although infants' cognitions about the world must be influenced by experience, little research has directly assessed the relation between everyday experience and infants' visual cognition in the laboratory. Eye-tracking procedures were used to measure 4-month-old infants' eye movements as they visually investigated a series of images. Infants with pet experience (N = 27) directed a greater proportion of their looking at the most informative region of animal stimuli--the head--compared with infants without such experience (N = 21); the two groups of infants did not differ in their scanning of images of human faces or vehicles. Thus, infants' visual cognitions are influenced by everyday experience, and theories of cognitive development in infancy must account for the effect of experience on development.
Descriptors: Infant Behavior, Eye Movements, Animals, Experience, Cognitive Development, Schemata (Cognition), Human Body, Motor Vehicles, Infants, Comparative Analysis, Pictorial Stimuli
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: HD56018|BCS0951580