ERIC Number: EJ1050718
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Extraction of Maltol from Fraser Fir: A Comparison of Microwave-Assisted Extraction and Conventional Heating Protocols for the Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Koch, Andrew S.; Chimento, Clio A.; Berg, Allison N.; Mughal, Farah D.; Spencer, Jean-Paul; Hovland, Douglas E.; Mbadugha, Bessie; Hovland, Allan K.; Eller, Leah R.
Journal of Chemical Education, v92 n1 p170-174 Jan 2015
Two methods for the extraction of maltol from Fraser fir needles are performed and compared in this two-week experiment. A traditional benchtop extraction using dichloromethane is compared to a microwave-assisted extraction using aqueous ethanol. Students perform both procedures and weigh the merits of each technique. In doing so, students see a trade-off between the ease of working with a highly volatile organic solvent and the selectivity that can be achieved with the greener solvent combination. This experiment combines multiple lab techniques, highlights the connections between chemistry and biology, and provides straightforward [superscript 1]H NMR spectra to support the introduction of spectroscopy in first-semester organic chemistry.
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Laboratories, Organic Chemistry, Spectroscopy, Plants (Botany), Science Experiments, Biology, College Science, Undergraduate Study, Laboratory Equipment, Laboratory Experiments
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://pubs.acs.org/jchemeduc
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: NSF 0088228