ERIC Number: EJ1050574
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Exploring or Floundering? The Meaning of Employment and Educational Fluctuations in Emerging Adulthood
Krahn, Harvey J.; Howard, Andrea L.; Galambos, Nancy L.
Youth & Society, v47 n2 p245-266 Mar 2015
Youth today spend years moving in and out of different education and employment statuses until they settle into stable employment. This 14-year Canadian longitudinal study reveals how month-to-month fluctuations in employment and educational statuses from age 19 to 25 predict employment success at age 32. Early employment instability was linked to lower income at age 32 and, among men, to lower occupational status and career satisfaction. However, for those who had made at least one career change, employment fluctuation had a positive effect on income and career satisfaction. Greater fluctuation in educational status was associated with higher occupational status at age 32. In general, labor market instability in the early 20s might best be described as "floundering", while educational status changes more often reflect "exploring".
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Employment, Prediction, Labor Market, Income, Correlation, Employment Level, Gender Differences, Career Change, Job Satisfaction, Career Exploration, Young Adults, High School Students, Educational Attainment, Participant Characteristics, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A