ERIC Number: EJ1050376
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
More than Meets the Eye: Young Children's Trust in Claims That Defy Their Perceptions
Lane, Jonathan D.; Harris, Paul L.; Gelman, Susan A.; Wellman, Henry M.
Developmental Psychology, v50 n3 p865-871 Mar 2014
Children and adults often encounter counterintuitive claims that defy their perceptions. We examined factors that influence children's acceptance of such claims. Children ages 3-6 years were shown familiar objects (e.g., a rock), were asked to identify the objects, and were then told that each object was something else (e.g., that the rock was soap). For some children, informants explicitly stated that the objects were different from what they appeared to be, whereas other children received testimony about the objects' identities without any reference to the discrepancy between appearance and reality. Children also completed standard tasks measuring appearance-reality understanding. When later asked about the objects' identities and properties, children who had a firm understanding of the appearance-reality distinction and those who heard informants mention that distinction were more accepting of the informants' counterintuitive claims. Thus, receptivity to counterintuitive claims can reflect conceptual growth rather than simple deference or conformity.
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), Physical Characteristics, Young Children, Task Analysis, Concept Formation, Deception, Object Permanence, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: HD022149|HD036043