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ERIC Number: EJ1050314
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1932-5037
Factors Influencing Expectations of Physical Activity for Adolescents Residing in Appalachia
Elkins, Rebecca L.; Nabors, Laura; King, Keith; Vidourek, Rebecca
American Journal of Health Education, v46 n1 p7-12 2015
Background: Appalachian adolescents are at an increased risk for sedentary behavior; little research has addressed this concern. Purpose: This study examined adolescents' expectations for engaging in physical activity (PA), chiefly expectations for relaxation and fitness. Independent variables were self-efficacy expectations (SEEs) to overcome barriers to PA, body mass index (BMI), gender, and grade level. Methods: One thousand and twenty-four 9th (n=602) and 12th (n=422) graders, 520 females and 504 males, attending 11 high schools in a rural Appalachian region participated. Participant SEE, BMI, grade level, gender, and outcome expectations (OEs) for PA were determined via a self-report questionnaire. Results: Results of a multivariate analysis of variance indicated that gender, grade level, and SEE significantly impacted OE for PA. BMI was not related to PA expectations. The interaction of self-efficacy and gender as well as self-efficacy and grade level were significant. Discussion: Positive health messages supporting increased levels of involvement in PA for adolescents in rural Appalachian areas may encourage these youth to exercise more frequently. Translation to Health Education Practice: Future research assessing the impact of messages to improve SEE for PA on changes in PA and adolescents' attitudes toward engaging in PA will advance knowledge in the field.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Grade 12
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ohio