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ERIC Number: EJ1050314
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1932-5037
Factors Influencing Expectations of Physical Activity for Adolescents Residing in Appalachia
Elkins, Rebecca L.; Nabors, Laura; King, Keith; Vidourek, Rebecca
American Journal of Health Education, v46 n1 p7-12 2015
Background: Appalachian adolescents are at an increased risk for sedentary behavior; little research has addressed this concern. Purpose: This study examined adolescents' expectations for engaging in physical activity (PA), chiefly expectations for relaxation and fitness. Independent variables were self-efficacy expectations (SEEs) to overcome barriers to PA, body mass index (BMI), gender, and grade level. Methods: One thousand and twenty-four 9th (n=602) and 12th (n=422) graders, 520 females and 504 males, attending 11 high schools in a rural Appalachian region participated. Participant SEE, BMI, grade level, gender, and outcome expectations (OEs) for PA were determined via a self-report questionnaire. Results: Results of a multivariate analysis of variance indicated that gender, grade level, and SEE significantly impacted OE for PA. BMI was not related to PA expectations. The interaction of self-efficacy and gender as well as self-efficacy and grade level were significant. Discussion: Positive health messages supporting increased levels of involvement in PA for adolescents in rural Appalachian areas may encourage these youth to exercise more frequently. Translation to Health Education Practice: Future research assessing the impact of messages to improve SEE for PA on changes in PA and adolescents' attitudes toward engaging in PA will advance knowledge in the field.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Grade 12
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ohio
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A