ERIC Number: EJ1050200
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Interactions and Relationships between Kindergarten Teachers and English Language Learners
Sullivan, Brittany; Hegde, Archana V.; Ballard, Sharon M.; Ticknor, Anne S.
Early Child Development and Care, v185 n3 p341-359 2015
Presence of English Language Learners (ELLs) is ever-increasing in our kindergarten-Grade 12 sector. With this influx of students who may need specialised attention, it is essential for educators and teacher education programmes alike to focus on preparation for serving such a population. While research depicts lack of training, it also elicits an assumed responsibility to successfully educate these students. The aims of this study are to (1) examine relationships between native-English-speaking kindergarten teachers and ELL and non-ELL children within their own classroom and (2) examine if native-English-speaking kindergarten teachers differ in their interactions with ELL and non-ELL children within their own classrooms. Through theoretical application of Vygotsky's sociocultural theory and Bronfrenbrenner's ecological systems theory, classrooms in Eastern North Carolina were surveyed, using a demographic survey and the Student-Teacher Relationship Scale, and observed, using the Emerging Academics Snapshot, to determine the process quality of each classroom and the relationships that teachers maintain with their ELL students. Analysis found that differences in teachers' relationships with ELL and non-ELL students did exist; however, parameters of interaction were not significantly different. The implications of this study for the field of education and suggestions for future research are also highlighted.
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Preschool Teachers, Kindergarten, Native Speakers, Surveys, Demography, Observation, Sociocultural Patterns, Learning Theories, Measures (Individuals), Interrater Reliability, Teacher Characteristics, Gender Differences, Interaction, Teacher Student Relationship, Young Children, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education; Kindergarten; Primary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Student Teacher Relationship Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A