ERIC Number: EJ1050196
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
Dietary Improvements among African American Youth: Results of an Interactive Nutrition Promotion Program
Rosemond, Tiara N.; Blake, Christine E.; Jenkins, Kelli A.; Buff, Scotty M.; Moore, Justin B.
American Journal of Health Education, v46 n1 p40-47 2015
Background: The Junior Doctors of Healthq (JDOH) program was developed from a collaboration between a large medical university, school district, and community organization to address obesity-related behaviors in children through education, skill building, and mentoring. Purpose: Evaluate the impact of the JDOH program on self-efficacy for and intake of fruits, vegetables, and beverages among a sample of predominantly African American elementary students. Methods: Pre- and postintervention surveys were administered to students in grades 4 through 6. A total of 224 students participated (intervention = 133, control = 91) across 5 schools. Independent t tests and mixed-model Poisson regressions were conducted to compare intervention and control groups. Results: Self-efficacy was associated with significant differences in reported dietary behaviors, with results varying by gender. For boys, fruit intake increased significantly, and for girls, intake of fruit, green salad, carrots, potatoes, and other vegetables increased significantly. Discussion: The results indicate that the JDOH program is a useful model for schools to provide nutrition education that may result in positive dietary behavior change among African American youth.
Descriptors: Nutrition, Eating Habits, Health Promotion, Obesity, Program Descriptions, Surveys, Elementary School Students, Community Organizations, Medical Schools, School Districts, Self Efficacy, Intervention, Gender Differences, Models, Program Effectiveness, Nutrition Instruction, Behavior Change, African American Students, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina