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ERIC Number: EJ1050149
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 82
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Multidomain Trajectories of Psychological Functioning in Old Age: A Longitudinal Perspective on (Uneven) Successful Aging
Morack, Jennifer; Ram, Nilam; Fauth, Elizabeth B.; Gerstorf, Denis
Developmental Psychology, v49 n12 p2309-2324 Dec 2013
Life-span developmentalists have long been interested in the nature of and the contributing factors to successful aging. Using variable-oriented approaches, research has revealed critical insights into the intricacies of human development and successful aging. In the present study, we opted instead for a more subgroup-oriented approach and examined multiple-indicator information of late-life change at the person level. We applied latent profile analysis to 8-year longitudinal data pooled together across 4 Swedish studies of the oldest old (N = 1,008; M[subscript age] = 81 years at Time 1; 61% women). Results revealed 4 psychosocial aging profiles with uneven patterns of successful (and less successful) aging characterized by distinct trajectories of change across indicators of depressive symptoms, social, and memory functions: a "preserved system integrity" group of participants who maintained functioning across very old age; an "aging in isolation" group with a persistent lack of social support, and 2 groups of people with average well-being and social functions but distinctive memory profiles. A "compromised memory" group was characterized by poor memory throughout late life, whereas participants in a "memory failing" group exhibited dramatic memory declines late in life. The subgroups were also differentiated by sociodemographic characteristics, functional limitations, and mortality hazards, which may have served as antecedents, correlates, or consequents of profile trajectories. We discuss the promises and challenges of using subgroup-oriented approaches in the study of successful aging.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute on Aging (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: RC1-AG035645|NIA R21-AG032379|NIA R21-AG033109|R03 AG028471-01|AG-08861|T32 AG20500