ERIC Number: EJ1050145
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 72
Analyzing the Origins of Childhood Externalizing Behavioral Problems
Barnes, J. C.; Boutwell, Brian B.; Beaver, Kevin M.; Gibson, Chris L.
Developmental Psychology, v49 n12 p2272-2284 Dec 2013
Drawing on a sample of twin children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B; Snow et al., 2009), the current study analyzed 2 of the most prominent predictors of externalizing behavioral problems (EBP) in children: (a) parental use of spankings and (b) childhood self-regulation. A variety of statistical techniques were employed, and, overall, the findings can be summarized into 2 points. First, the results show that the relationships among spanking, self-regulation, and EBP are highly nuanced in that multiple explanations for their intercorrelations appear to fit the data (e.g., bidirectional relationships and shared methods variance). Second, genetic influences accounted for variance in each variable (EBP, spankings received, self-regulation) and even explained a portion of the covariance among the different variables. Thus, research that does not consider genetic influences when analyzing these associations runs a risk of model misspecification.
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Behavior Problems, Twins, Longitudinal Studies, Predictor Variables, Children, Punishment, Self Control, Statistical Analysis, Correlation, Genetics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey; Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales