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ERIC Number: EJ1050074
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Mothers' Daily Person and Process Praise: Implications for Children's Theory of Intelligence and Motivation: Brief Report
Pomerantz, Eva M.; Kempner, Sara G.
Developmental Psychology, v49 n11 p2040-2046 Nov 2013
This research examined if mothers' day-to-day praise of children's success in school plays a role in children's theory of intelligence and motivation. Participants were 120 children (mean age = 10.23 years) and their mothers who took part in a 2-wave study spanning 6 months. During the first wave, mothers completed a 10-day daily interview in which they reported on their use of person (e.g., "You are smart") and process (e.g., "You tried hard") praise. Children's entity theory of intelligence and preference for challenge in school were assessed with surveys at both waves. Mothers' person, but not process, praise was predictive of children's theory of intelligence and motivation: The more person praise mothers used, the more children subsequently held an entity theory of intelligence and avoided challenge over and above their earlier functioning on these dimensions.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 MH57505