ERIC Number: EJ1050073
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
The Interplay of Externalizing Problems and Physical and Inductive Discipline during Childhood
Choe, Daniel Ewon; Olson, Sheryl L.; Sameroff, Arnold J.
Developmental Psychology, v49 n11 p2029-2039 Nov 2013
Children who are physically disciplined are at elevated risk for externalizing problems. Conversely, maternal reasoning and reminding of rules, or inductive discipline, is associated with fewer child externalizing problems. Few studies have simultaneously examined bidirectional associations between these forms of discipline and child adjustment using cross-informant, multimethod data. We hypothesized that less inductive and more physical discipline would predict more externalizing problems, children would have evocative effects on parenting, and high levels of either form of discipline would predict low levels of the other. In a study of 241 children--spanning ages 3, 5.5, and 10--structural equation modeling indicated that 3-year-olds with higher teacher ratings of externalizing problems received higher mother ratings of physical discipline at age 5.5. Mothers endorsing more inductive discipline at child age 3 reported less physical discipline and had children with fewer externalizing problems at age 5.5. Negative bidirectional associations emerged between physical and inductive discipline from ages 5.5 to 10. Findings suggested children's externalizing problems elicited physical discipline, and maternal inductive discipline might help prevent externalizing problems and physical discipline.
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Discipline, Violence, At Risk Persons, Mothers, Parenting Styles, Hypothesis Testing, Predictor Variables, Structural Equation Models, Young Children, Teacher Attitudes, Parent Attitudes, Punishment, Longitudinal Studies, Questionnaires, Rating Scales, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A