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ERIC Number: EJ1050060
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Oct
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
The Development of Face Perception in Infancy: Intersensory Interference and Unimodal Visual Facilitation
Bahrick, Lorraine E.; Lickliter, Robert; Castellanos, Irina
Developmental Psychology, v49 n10 p1919-1930 Oct 2013
Although research has demonstrated impressive face perception skills of young infants, little attention has focused on conditions that enhance versus impair infant face perception. The present studies tested the prediction, generated from the intersensory redundancy hypothesis (IRH), that face discrimination, which relies on detection of visual featural information, would be impaired in the context of intersensory redundancy provided by audiovisual speech and enhanced in the absence of intersensory redundancy (unimodal visual and asynchronous audiovisual speech) in early development. Later in development, following improvements in attention, faces should be discriminated in both redundant audiovisual and nonredundant stimulation. Results supported these predictions. Two-month-old infants discriminated a novel face in unimodal visual and asynchronous audiovisual speech but not in synchronous audiovisual speech. By 3 months, face discrimination was evident even during synchronous audiovisual speech. These findings indicate that infant face perception is enhanced and emerges developmentally earlier following unimodal visual than synchronous audiovisual exposure and that intersensory redundancy generated by naturalistic audiovisual speech can interfere with face processing.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Science Foundation; National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 MH62226; K02 HD064943; RO1 HD053776; BCS1057898; R25 GM061347