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ERIC Number: EJ1049962
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 75
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Imitation of Tongue Protrusion in Human Neonates: Specificity of the Response in a Large Sample
Nagy, Emese; Pilling, Karen; Orvos, Hajnalka; Molnar, Peter
Developmental Psychology, v49 n9 p1628-1638 Sep 2013
Although a large body of evidence has accumulated on the young human infant's ability to imitate, the phenomenon has failed to gain unanimous acceptance. Imitation of tongue protrusion, the most tested gesture to date, was examined in a sample of 115 newborns in the first 5 days of life in 3 seating positions. An ethologically based statistical coding system that coded all mouth and tongue movements regardless of whether they were imitative was employed. In order to assess the role of arousal, all arm and finger movements, as well as the infants' states, were coded. Neonates selectively increased the frequency of the strong, but not the weak, tongue protrusions; did not change their states; and did not increase the frequencies of the arm and general finger movements from the baseline to the modeling period, and the position of the baby significantly affected the outcome measures. The results confirm the human neonate's imitative ability, provide evidence that neonatal imitation is not an arousal response, and demonstrate that methodological factors affect the results.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A