ERIC Number: EJ1049946
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 82
Attachment Theory and Theory of Planned Behavior: An Integrative Model Predicting Underage Drinking
Lac, Andrew; Crano, William D.; Berger, Dale E.; Alvaro, Eusebio M.
Developmental Psychology, v49 n8 p1579-1590 Aug 2013
Research indicates that peer and maternal bonds play important but sometimes contrasting roles in the outcomes of children. Less is known about attachment bonds to these 2 reference groups in young adults. Using a sample of 351 participants (18 to 20 years of age), the research integrated two theoretical traditions: attachment theory and theory of planned behavior (TPB). The predictive contribution of both theories was examined in the context of underage adult alcohol use. Using full structural equation modeling, results substantiated the hypotheses that secure peer attachment positively predicted norms and behavioral control toward alcohol, but secure maternal attachment inversely predicted attitudes and behavioral control toward alcohol. Alcohol attitudes, norms, and behavioral control each uniquely explained alcohol intentions, which anticipated an increase in alcohol behavior 1 month later. The hypothesized processes were statistically corroborated by tests of indirect and total effects. These findings support recommendations for programs designed to curtail risky levels of underage drinking using the tenets of attachment theory and TPB.
Descriptors: Drinking, Attachment Behavior, Risk, Structural Equation Models, Behavior Theories, Prediction, Peer Relationship, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Intention, Adolescents, Measures (Individuals), Factor Analysis, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A