ERIC Number: EJ1049930
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
The Role of Symbol-Based Experience in Early Learning and Transfer from Pictures: Evidence from Tanzania
Walker, Caren M.; Walker, Lisa B.; Ganea, Patricia A.
Developmental Psychology, v49 n7 p1315-1324 Jul 2013
Extensive exposure to representational media is common for infants in Western culture, and previous research has shown that soon after their 1st birthday, infants can acquire and extend new information from pictures to real objects. Here we explore the extent to which lack of exposure to pictures during infancy affects children's learning from pictures. Infants were recruited from a rural village in Tanzania and had no prior experience with pictures. After a picture book interaction during which a novel depicted object was labeled, we assessed infants' learning and transfer of the label from pictures to their referents. In a 2nd study, we assessed infants' learning and generalization of new names using real objects, rather than pictures. Tanzanian infants demonstrated a similar pattern of learning and generalization from real objects, when compared with infants in Western culture. However, there was a significant difference in learning and generalization from pictures to real objects. These findings provide evidence for the important role of early experience with representational media in children's ability to use pictures as a source of information about the world.
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Transfer of Training, Foreign Countries, Infants, Pictorial Stimuli, Role, Information Sources, Rural Areas, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Naming, Generalization, Cognitive Development, Cultural Differences, Picture Books, Story Reading, Task Analysis, Interviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tanzania