ERIC Number: EJ1049908
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 103
Districts' Responses to Demographic Change: Making Sense of Race, Class, and Immigration in Political and Organizational Context
Turner, Erica O.
American Educational Research Journal, v52 n1 p4-39 Feb 2015
Many U.S. public school systems now face three large demographic shifts: rising poverty, the growing number of students from immigrant families, and increasing populations of students of color. Yet, we know little about how district policymakers react to these important changes or indeed the factors that consistently shape their policymaking. Drawing on interpretative policy analysis, the politics of education, and in-depth interviews with 37 school board members, superintendents, and district administrators across two school districts, I argue that racial meaning emerged as central in both districts' policymaking processes as political and organizational contexts interacted to shape district leaders' meaning-making and policy responses. Yet, leaders' meaning-making and policy responses obscured systematic inequalities in students' lives, including those stemming from race, immigration, and poverty. I conclude with implications of this analysis for understanding school district policymaking and how to improve schooling for students of color, students in poverty, and immigrant students.
Descriptors: Demography, Population Trends, Educational Policy, Policy Analysis, School Districts, Politics of Education, Interviews, Boards of Education, Superintendents, Administrators, Educational Change, Comparative Analysis, Case Studies, Immigrants, Minority Group Students, Context Effect, English Language Learners, Faculty Development, Strategic Planning, Student Recruitment, Discipline Policy, Student Behavior, Academic Achievement, Migration, Whites, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, State Legislation, Teacher Role, Group Membership
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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Identifiers - Location: Wisconsin
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Doe v Plyler