ERIC Number: EJ1049895
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
Examining the Relationship between 2D Diagrammatic Conventions and Students' Success on Representational Translation Tasks in Organic Chemistry
Olimpo, Jeffrey T.; Kumi, Bryna C.; Wroblewski, Richard; Dixon, Bonnie L.
Chemistry Education Research and Practice, v16 n1 p143-153 2015
Two-dimensional (2D) diagrams are essential in chemistry for conveying and communicating key knowledge about disciplinary phenomena. While experts are adept at identifying, interpreting, and manipulating these representations, novices often are not. Ongoing research efforts in the field suggest that students' effective use of concrete and virtual manipulatives can support their development of representational competence in the domain. However, as these affordances are not always present within the learning environment, it is imperative that educators evaluate the influence diagrammatic conventions have on student success in the discipline, specifically on tasks requiring translation between two, 2D diagrams. In this study, we adopt a quantitative approach to examine students' accuracy at translating between Dash-Wedge and Newman projections, as well as Dash-Wedge and Fischer projections when the conventions of each of these representations are varied (e.g., staggered vs. eclipsed conformation of the Dash-Wedge diagram, rotation of the Newman Projection). Results indicate two important findings. First, students perform significantly better on Dash-Wedge to Newman tasks when the Newman projection has undergone no rotation (i.e., when the two representations are exact conformers of one another) compared to simple or complex rotations. Second, students' degree of success on Dash-Wedge to Fischer translation tasks is directly related to the conformation and spatial arrangement of substituents on the Dash-Wedge diagram, with poorer performance noted on tasks in which the visuospatial conformation of the Dash-Wedge representation is both staggered and inconsistent with the participants' preferred viewing perspective. Together, these data reaffirm the need to explore in greater detail how 2D diagrammatic conventions impact novices' ability to successfully translate between representations in organic chemistry.
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Organic Chemistry, Statistical Analysis, Visual Aids, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Teaching Methods, College Science, College Students, Experimental Groups, Quasiexperimental Design, Student Evaluation, Multiple Choice Tests, Instructional Effectiveness, Science Achievement, Misconceptions
Royal Society of Chemistry. Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge, CB4 0WF, UK. Tel: +44-1223 420066; Fax: +44-1223 423623; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.rsc.org/cerp
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: DRL-0723313|DRL- 1008505