ERIC Number: EJ1049860
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 73
Distraction Control Processes in Free Recall: Benefits and Costs to Performance
Marsh, John E.; Sörqvist, Patrik; Hodgetts, Helen M.; Beaman, C. Philip; Jones, Dylan M.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v41 n1 p118-133 Jan 2015
How is semantic memory influenced by individual differences under conditions of distraction? This question was addressed by observing how participants recalled visual target words-drawn from a single category-while ignoring spoken distractor words that were members of either the same or a different (single) category. Working memory capacity (WMC) was related to disruption only with synchronous, not asynchronous, presentation, and distraction was greater when the words were presented synchronously. Subsequent experiments found greater negative priming of distractors among individuals with higher WMC, but this may be dependent on targets and distractors being comparable category exemplars. With less dominant category members as distractors, target recall was impaired-relative to control-only among individuals with low WMC. The results highlight the role of cognitive control resources in target-distractor selection and the individual-specific cost implications of such cognitive control.
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Recall (Psychology), Semantics, Cognitive Processes, Attention Control, Metacognition, Auditory Stimuli, Synchronous Communication, Asynchronous Communication, Experiments
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A