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ERIC Number: EJ1049857
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jan
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 60
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Time to Decide? Simplicity and Congruity in Comparative Judgment
Frosch, Caren A.; McCloy, Rachel; Beaman, C. Philip; Goddard, Kate
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v41 n1 p42-54 Jan 2015
What is the relationship between magnitude judgments relying on directly available characteristics versus probabilistic cues? Question frame was manipulated in a comparative judgment task previously assumed to involve inference across a probabilistic mental model (e.g., "Which city is largest"--the "larger" question--vs. "Which city is smallest"--the "smaller" question). Participants identified either the largest or smallest city (Experiments 1a and 2) or the richest or poorest person (Experiment 1b) in a 3-alternative forced-choice (3-AFC) task (Experiment 1) or a 2-AFC task (Experiment 2). Response times revealed an interaction between question frame and the number of options recognized. When participants were asked the smaller question, response times were shorter when none of the options were recognized. The opposite pattern was found when participants were asked the larger question: response time was shorter when all options were recognized. These task--stimuli congruity results in judgment under uncertainty are consistent with, and predicted by, theories of magnitude comparison, which make use of deductive inferences from declarative knowledge.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (London)