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ERIC Number: EJ1049854
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jan
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Friends and Foes in the Lexicon: Homophone Naming in Aphasia
Middleton, Erica L.; Chen, Qi; Verkuilen, Jay
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v41 n1 p77-94 Jan 2015
The study of homophones--words with different meanings that sound the same--has great potential to inform models of language production. Of particular relevance is a phenomenon termed "frequency" inheritance, where a low-frequency word (e.g., "deer") is produced more fluently than would be expected based on its frequency characteristics, presumably because of shared phonology with a high-frequency homophone counterpart (e.g., "dear"). However, prior studies have been inconsistent in showing frequency inheritance. To explain this inconsistency, we propose a dual nature account of homophony: a high-frequency counterpart exerts 2 counterposing effects on a low-frequency homophone target during the 2 main stages of naming: (a) a detrimental impact during semantically driven lexical retrieval; (b) a beneficial impact during phonological retrieval. In a study of naming in participants with chronic aphasia followed by computational investigations, we find strong evidence for the dual nature account of homophony.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A