ERIC Number: EJ1049744
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Understanding Differences in College Persistence: A Longitudinal Examination of Financial Circumstances, Family Obligations, and Discrimination in an Ethnically Diverse Sample
Witkow, Melissa R.; Huynh, Virginia; Fuligni, Andrew J.
Applied Developmental Science, v19 n1 p4-18 2015
Ethnic and generational differences in motivation and achievement have been well-established. However, minimal research has examined the role of social factors on educational outcomes among individuals from diverse backgrounds. With a longitudinal sample of 408 Latino, Asian, and European-American students, we examine family, discrimination, and financial factors in 12th grade and two years later as predictors of persistence four years after high school, and as mediators of ethnic and generational differences in persistence. Results indicate that family obligations, discrimination, and financial burdens are associated with reduced rates of persistence, while high school GPA, SES, and financial aid are associated with higher rates of persistence. Ethnic differences in persistence are related to high school GPA and SES, as well as financial circumstances. Reducing ethnic disparities in college persistence should thus involve attention not only to academic factors, but also to family circumstances that may cause college attendance to be a hardship.
Descriptors: High School Students, Grade 12, College Students, Academic Persistence, Longitudinal Studies, Social Influences, Outcomes of Education, Ethnicity, Racial Differences, Age Differences, Generational Differences, Predictor Variables, Hispanic American Students, Asian American Students, White Students, Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Social Bias, Grade Point Average, Financial Problems, Family Relationship, Family Influence, College Attendance, Barriers
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 12; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: P20 MD003938