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ERIC Number: EJ1049739
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 21
Do Children Have Similar Models of Understanding for Seeing, Hearing, and Smelling?
Science Education Review, v4 n3 p72.1-72.15 2005
Some research indicates that a number of children understand vision as an outreaching of the sense, and that they are the originator of the process (Eaton, Anderson, & Smith, 1983; Guesne, 1985). The children draw arrows or rays that point out of the eyes, sometimes returning to the head, and write that vision involves the eyes seeing or looking and that they see things when they turn their head and face towards an object. There is less evidence for the outreaching of the nose in smelling, although there is perhaps some indication of such in Russell et al. (1991) when they say that one fourth of the children, of all ages, explained smelling as something that the nose did. It is evident that children see smelling as an active process in which smells are sought by sniffing. Watt and Russell (1990) did not explicitly say there is outreaching of hearing, although there is evidence of children believing the ear actively listens, as their drawings of hearing and smelling sometimes included an outreaching model shown by an arrow pointing from the sense organ towards the source. This study uses an analysis of children's drawings and annotations to glean their ideas about the senses.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Freehand Drawing, Models, Vision, Hearing (Physiology), Olfactory Perception, Documentation, Concept Formation, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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